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Why Is Breast Cancer Rising Among Young Women? + causes of breast cancer

causes of breast cancer: Breast cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the breast. Cancer begins when cells grow out of control. Breast cancer cells usually form a tumor, which is usually seen on X-rays or felt as a lump. It is very important to understand that most breast lumps are benign and not cancerous or malignant. Non-cancerous breast tumors grow abnormally but do not spread outside the breast. They are not life-threatening, but some benign breast lumps increase the risk of breast cancer in women. Stay tuned for another article of health category and introduction of medicinal plants in Eternalpen online magazine.

To determine whether the cancer is benign or malignant and whether it will affect the risk of developing cancer in the future, any cancerous mass or changes in the appearance of the breast should be checked by a healthcare professional.

causes of breast cancer
causes of breast cancer / clevelandclinic

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causes of breast cancer

causes of breast cancer: According to Dr Reddy, there are numerous risk factors and causes postulated, but it is difficult to identify a single cause-and-effect relationship. Various epidemiological studies have suggested the role of various modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors.

The causes of breast cancer in younger women are:

  • Familial genetic causes like mutation in BRCA1/BRCA2
  • Hormonal factors like early menarche, oral contraceptives, late childbearing
  • Modifiable risk factors like obesity, sedentary lifestyle, smoking, alcohol, high consumption of refined food and dietary fats

The incidence of familial breast cancer is also quite high in younger women, and approximately half of the women with breast cancer younger than age 30 harbor a germline mutation in BRCA1, BRCA2, or TP53 genes. Hormonal factors that increase breast cancer risk include early menarche, oral contraceptives, anovulatory infertility, and having children after 30 years.

causes of breast cancer / Image by stefamerpik on Freepik

Modifiable risk factors like obesity, sedentary lifestyle consumption of processed foods, foods rich in dietary fat, alcohol consumption, and smoking. The use of microplastics in our environment has also increased in the recent past and few studies have suggested their harmful effects. The risk factors which put a woman at higher risk of breast cancer at a young age are:

  • Close relative like a mother,  or sibling with breast cancer diagnosed before 45 years of age
  • Male relative with breast cancer
  • A close relative with ovary cancer diagnosed at any age
  • Close relatives with BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutations

causes of breast cancer, Dr. Reddy states that there are no routine investigations or screening programs suggested for young women, hence the only strategy suggested is to raise awareness in young women and primary care physicians like gynecologists that a breast lump could be cancer and should never be ignored.

Source: Jagran English


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